Facebook Reports Third Quarter 2016 Results

MENLO PARK, Calif., Nov. 2, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Facebook, Inc. (NASDAQ: FB) today reported financial results for the quarter ended September 30, 2016.

Founded in 2004, Facebook's mission is to make the world more open and connected. People use Facebook to stay connected with friends and family, to discover what's going on in the world, and to share and express what matters to them.

"We had another good quarter," said Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook founder and CEO. "We're making progress putting video first across our apps and executing our 10 year technology roadmap."

Third Quarter 2016 Financial Highlights*


Three Months Ended September 30,


Year-over-
Year %
Change

In millions, except percentages and per share amounts

2016


2015


Revenue:






Advertising

$ 6,816


$ 4,299


59 %

Payments and other fees

195


202


(3)%

Total revenue

7,011


4,501


56 %

Total costs and expenses

3,889


3,042


28 %

Income from operations

$ 3,122


$ 1,459


114 %

Operating margin

45%


32%



Provision for income taxes

790





Effective tax rate

25%





Net income

$ 2,379


$ 896


166 %

Diluted Earnings per Share (EPS)

$ 0.82


$ 0.31


165 %



*

The information in the Third Quarter 2016 Financial Highlights table is presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP). For non-GAAP financial information, see the table below titled "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results."

Third Quarter 2016 Operational Highlights

  • Daily active users (DAUs) – DAUs were 1.18 billion on average for September 2016, an increase of 17% year-over-year.
  • Mobile DAUs – Mobile DAUs were 1.09 billion on average for September 2016, an increase of 22% year-over-year.
  • Monthly active users (MAUs) – MAUs were 1.79 billion as of September 30, 2016, an increase of 16% year-over-year.
  • Mobile MAUs – Mobile MAUs were 1.66 billion as of September 30, 2016, an increase of 20% year-over-year.

Third Quarter 2016 Other Financial Highlights

  • Mobile advertising revenue – Mobile advertising revenue represented approximately 84% of advertising revenue for the third quarter of 2016, up from approximately 78% of advertising revenue in the third quarter of 2015.
  • Capital expenditures – Capital expenditures for the third quarter of 2016 were $1.10 billion.
  • Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities – Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities were $26.14 billion at the end of the third quarter of 2016.

Webcast and Conference Call Information

Facebook will host a conference call to discuss the results at 2 p.m. PT / 5 p.m. ET today. The live webcast of Facebook's earnings conference call can be accessed at investor.fb.com, along with the earnings press release, financial tables and slide presentation. Facebook uses the investor.fb.com and newsroom.fb.com websites as well as Mark Zuckerberg's Facebook Page (https://www.facebook.com/zuck) as means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.

Following the call, a replay will be available at the same website. A telephonic replay will be available for one week following the conference call at +1 (404) 537-3406 or +1 (855) 859-2056, conference ID 88580395.

About Facebook

Founded in 2004, Facebook's mission is to give people the power to share and make the world more open and connected. People use Facebook to stay connected with friends and family, to discover what's going on in the world, and to share and express what matters to them.

Contacts

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding our future business expectations, which are subject to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual results due to a variety of factors including: our ability to retain or increase users and engagement levels; our reliance on advertising revenue; our dependency on mobile operating systems, networks, and standards that we do not control; risks associated with new product development and their introduction as well as other new business initiatives; our emphasis on user growth and engagement and the user experience over short-term financial results; competition; litigation; privacy and regulatory concerns; risks associated with acquisitions; security breaches; and our ability to manage growth and geographically-dispersed operations. These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on July 28, 2016, which is available on our Investor Relations website at investor.fb.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2016. In addition, please note that the date of this press release is November 2, 2016, and any forward-looking statements contained herein are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date. We undertake no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: revenue excluding foreign exchange effect and advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect; non-GAAP costs and expenses; non-GAAP income from operations; non-GAAP net income; non-GAAP diluted shares; non-GAAP diluted earnings per share; non-GAAP operating margin; non-GAAP effective tax rate; and free cash flow. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Investors are cautioned that there are material limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool. In particular, many of the adjustments to our GAAP financial measures reflect the exclusion of items, specifically amortization of intangible assets, share-based compensation expense, and payroll tax related to share-based compensation expense, and the related income tax effects of the aforementioned exclusions, that are recurring and will be reflected in our financial results for the foreseeable future. In addition, these measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from these non-GAAP financial measures.

We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enable comparison of financial results between periods where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in operating our business.

We exclude the following items from one or more of our non-GAAP financial measures:

Amortization of intangible assets. We amortize intangible assets acquired in connection with acquisitions. We exclude these amortization expenses because we do not believe these expenses are reflective of ongoing operating results in the period. These amounts arise from our prior acquisitions and have no direct correlation to the operation of our business.

Share-based compensation expense. We exclude share-based compensation expense because we believe that the non-GAAP financial measures excluding this item provide meaningful supplemental information regarding operational performance. In particular, because of varying available valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of award types that companies can use under FASB ASC 718, we believe that providing non-GAAP financial measures that exclude this expense allows investors to make more meaningful comparisons between our operating results and those of other companies. Accordingly, we believe that excluding this expense provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of our business operations, facilitates comparison of our results with other periods, and may also facilitate comparison with the results of other companies in our industry.

Payroll tax expense related to share-based compensation. We exclude payroll tax expense related to share-based compensation expense because, without excluding these tax expenses, investors would not see the full effect that excluding share-based compensation expense had on our operating results. These expenses are tied to the exercise or vesting of underlying equity awards and the price of our common stock at the time of vesting or exercise, which factors may vary from period to period independent of the operating performance of our business. Similar to share-based compensation expense, we believe that excluding this payroll tax expense provides investors and management with greater visibility to the underlying performance of our business operations and facilitates comparison with other periods as well as the results of other companies.

Income tax effect of amortization of intangible assets, share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses. We believe excluding the income tax effect of non-GAAP adjustments assists investors and management in understanding the tax provision related to those adjustments and provides useful supplemental information regarding the underlying performance of our business operations.

Foreign exchange effect on revenue. We translated revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2016 using the prior year's monthly exchange rates for our settlement currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which we believe is a useful metric that facilitates comparison to our historical performance.

Purchases of property and equipment. We subtract purchases of property and equipment in our calculation of free cash flow because we believe that this methodology can provide useful supplemental information to help investors better understand underlying trends in our business.

For more information on our non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures, please see the "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results" table in this press release.

FACEBOOK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In millions, except for per share amounts)

(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended September 30,


Nine Months Ended September 30,


2016


2015


2016


2015

Revenue

$ 7,011


$ 4,501


$ 18,829


$ 12,087

Costs and expenses:








Cost of revenue

987


720


2,741


2,043

Research and development

1,539


1,271


4,345


3,502

Marketing and sales

925


706


2,651


1,953

General and administrative

438


345


1,216


924

Total costs and expenses

3,889


3,042


10,953


8,422

Income from operations

3,122


1,459


7,876


3,665

Interest and other income/(expense), net

47


(27)


125


(28)

Income before provision for income taxes

3,169


1,432


8,001


3,637

Provision for income taxes

790


536


2,057


1,510

Net income

$ 2,379


$ 896


$ 5,944


$ 2,127

Less: Net income attributable to participating securities

6


5


18


12

Net income attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders

$ 2,373


$ 891


$ 5,926


$ 2,115

Earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders:








Basic

$ 0.83


$ 0.32


$ 2.07


$ 0.76

Diluted

$ 0.82


$ 0.31


$ 2.05


$ 0.75

Weighted average shares used to compute earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders:








Basic

2,871


2,808


2,857


2,796

Diluted

2,915


2,863


2,902


2,848

Share-based compensation expense included in costs and expenses:








Cost of revenue

$ 30


$ 21


$ 80


$ 59

Research and development

633


598


1,842


1,767

Marketing and sales

94


82


269


236

General and administrative

62


56


180


161

Total share-based compensation expense

$ 819


$ 757


$ 2,371


$ 2,223

Payroll tax expenses related to share-based compensation included in costs and expenses:








Cost of revenue

$ 1


$ —


$ 4


$ 2

Research and development

14


10


57


34

Marketing and sales

2


2


9


8

General and administrative

3


2


11


7

Total payroll tax expenses related to share-based compensation

$ 20


$ 14


$ 81


$ 51

Amortization of intangible assets included in costs and expenses:








Cost of revenue

$ 55


$ 44


$ 153


$ 133

Research and development

9


10


28


29

Marketing and sales

109


102


321


307

General and administrative

22


24


66


70

Total amortization of intangible assets

$ 195


$ 180


$ 568


$ 539




FACEBOOK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)




September 30, 2016


December 31, 2015

Assets




Current assets:





Cash and cash equivalents

$ 6,038


$ 4,907


Marketable securities

20,102


13,527


Accounts receivable, net of allowances for doubtful accounts of $83 and $68 as of September 30, 2016 and December 31, 2015, respectively

3,070


2,559


Prepaid expenses and other current assets

1,118


659


Total current assets

30,328


21,652

Property and equipment, net

7,899


5,687

Intangible assets, net

2,702


3,246

Goodwill

18,085


18,026

Other assets

660


796

Total assets

$ 59,674


$ 49,407

Liabilities and stockholders' equity




Current liabilities:





Accounts payable

$ 260


$ 196


Partners payable

239


217


Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

2,018


1,449


Deferred revenue and deposits

78


56


Current portion of capital lease obligations


7


Total current liabilities

2,595


1,925

Capital lease obligations, less current portion


107

Other liabilities

2,964


3,157


Total liabilities

5,559


5,189







Stockholders' equity





Common stock and additional paid-in capital

38,756


34,886


Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(372)


(455)


Retained earnings

15,731


9,787


Total stockholders' equity

54,115


44,218

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity

$ 59,674


$ 49,407




FACEBOOK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended September 30,


Nine Months Ended September 30,


2016


2015


2016


2015

Cash flows from operating activities








Net income

$ 2,379


$ 896


$ 5,944


$ 2,127

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:








Depreciation and amortization

591


486


1,728


1,402

Share-based compensation

819


757


2,371


2,214

Deferred income taxes

19


(383)


(123)


(672)

Tax benefit from share-based award activity

459


346


1,420


1,155

Excess tax benefit from share-based award activity

(459)


(346)


(1,420)


(1,155)

Other

4


6


23


13

Changes in assets and liabilities:








Accounts receivable

(253)


(207)


(478)


(405)

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

(51)


(55)


(311)


(145)

Other assets

42


29


46


4

Accounts payable

18


(9)


(21)


7

Partners payable

6


59


20


40

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities

219


50


641


291

Deferred revenue and deposits

(2)


(1)


21


(18)

Other liabilities

(214)


564


(103)


914

Net cash provided by operating activities

3,577


2,192


9,758


5,772

Cash flows from investing activities








Purchases of property and equipment

(1,095)


(780)


(3,222)


(1,831)

Purchases of marketable securities

(7,733)


(4,773)


(17,368)


(10,333)

Sales of marketable securities

5,633


1,399


9,791


4,125

Maturities of marketable securities

131


848


1,034


1,563

Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible assets

(61)


(27)


(81)


(309)

Change in restricted cash and deposits

8


33


82


77

Net cash used in investing activities

(3,117)


(3,300)


(9,764)


(6,708)

Cash flows from financing activities








Principal payments on capital lease and other financing obligations


(23)


(312)


(107)

Excess tax benefit from share-based award activity

459


346


1,420


1,155

Other financing activities, net

(8)


(8)


(2)


(20)

Net cash provided by financing activities

451


315


1,106


1,028

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents

19


(22)


31


(99)

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

930


(815)


1,131


(7)

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

5,108


5,123


4,907


4,315

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$ 6,038


$ 4,308


$ 6,038


$ 4,308




FACEBOOK, INC.

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In millions)

(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended September 30,


Nine Months Ended September 30,


2016


2015


2016


2015

Supplemental cash flow data








Cash paid during the period for:








Interest

$ —


$ 3


$ 11


$ 8

Income taxes, net

$ 357


$ 40


$ 764


$ 199

Non-cash investing and financing activities:








Net change in accounts payable, accrued expenses and other current liabilities, and other liabilities related to property and equipment additions

$ 230


$ (87)


$ 319


$ 107

Promissory note payable issued in connection with an acquisition

$ —


$ —


$ —


$ 198

Settlement of contingent consideration liability

$ 33


$ —


$ 33


$ —




Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results

(In millions, except percentages and per share amounts)

(Unaudited)



Three Months Ended September 30,


Nine Months Ended September 30,


2016


2015


2016


2015

GAAP revenue

$ 7,011


$ 4,501


$ 18,829


$ 12,087

Foreign exchange effect on 2016 revenue using 2015 rates

31




234



Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect

$ 7,042




$ 19,063



GAAP revenue year-over-year change %

56%




56%



Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change %

56%




58%



GAAP advertising revenue

$ 6,816


$ 4,299


$ 18,256


$ 11,442

Foreign exchange effect on 2016 advertising revenue using 2015 rates

31




234



Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect

$ 6,847




$ 18,490



GAAP advertising revenue year-over-year change %

59%




60%



Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change %

59%




62%



GAAP costs and expenses

$ 3,889


$ 3,042


$ 10,953


$ 8,422

Share-based compensation expense

(819)


(757)


(2,371)


(2,223)

Payroll tax expenses related to share-based compensation

(20)


(14)


(81)


(51)

Amortization of intangible assets

(195)


(180)


(568)


(539)

Non-GAAP costs and expenses

$ 2,855


$ 2,091


$ 7,933


$ 5,609

GAAP income from operations

$ 3,122


$ 1,459


$ 7,876


$ 3,665

Share-based compensation expense

819


757


2,371


2,223

Payroll tax expenses related to share-based compensation

20


14


81


51

Amortization of intangible assets

195


180


568


539

Non-GAAP income from operations

$ 4,156


$ 2,410


$ 10,896


$ 6,478

GAAP net income

$ 2,379


$ 896


$ 5,944


$ 2,127

Share-based compensation expense

819


757


2,371


2,223

Payroll tax expenses related to share-based compensation

20


14


81


51

Amortization of intangible assets

195


180


568


539

Income tax adjustments

(245)


(219)


(746)


(687)

Non-GAAP net income

$ 3,168


$ 1,628


$ 8,218


$ 4,253

GAAP and Non-GAAP diluted shares

2,915


2,863


2,902


2,848

GAAP diluted earnings per share

$ 0.82


$ 0.31


$ 2.05


$ 0.75

Non-GAAP adjustments to net income

0.27


0.26


0.78


0.75

Non-GAAP diluted earnings per share

$ 1.09


$ 0.57


$ 2.83


$ 1.50

GAAP operating margin

45%


32%


42%


30%

Share-based compensation expense

12%


17%


13%


18%

Payroll tax expenses related to share-based compensation

—%


—%


—%


—%

Amortization of intangible assets

3%


4%


3%


4%

Non-GAAP operating margin

59%


54%


58%


54%

GAAP income before provision for income taxes

$ 3,169


$ 1,432


$ 8,001


$ 3,637

GAAP provision for income taxes

790


536


2,057


1,510

GAAP effective tax rate

25%


37%


26%


42%

GAAP income before provision for income taxes

$ 3,169


$ 1,432


$ 8,001


$ 3,637

Share-based compensation and related payroll tax expenses

839


771


2,452


2,274

Amortization of intangible assets

195


180


568


539

Non-GAAP income before provision for income taxes

$ 4,203


$ 2,383


$ 11,021


$ 6,450

Non-GAAP provision for income taxes

1,035


755


2,803


2,197

Non-GAAP effective tax rate

25%


32%


25%


34%

Net cash provided by operating activities

$ 3,577


$ 2,192


$ 9,758


$ 5,772

Purchases of property and equipment

(1,095)


(780)


(3,222)


(1,831)

Free cash flow

$ 2,482


$ 1,412


$ 6,536


$ 3,941

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